The first signs of pregnancy is a missed period. The majority of women in a hurry to do a pregnancy test. Thanks to a strip of paper in the morning urine is lowered, it is possible to establish whether the woman in the stomach a brand new life. And if the test shows the presence of pregnancy, the life of the future mom is changing dramatically. From now on, it is accompanied by concern about their own health and the health of your baby, and then hike to the gynecologist and analysis, which he appoints. The importance of these activities, as well as what tests for pregnant women should take the future mom, today we'll talk.
Initially, many women are sent for an ultrasound of the uterus that can confirm the presence of pregnancy. However, many doctors are afraid to expose patients early in pregnancy this procedure, right to the end and not found out whether the effect of fetal ultrasound. In the case where the pregnancy is without complications, the ultrasound is recommended to do at 12-14 weeks. Through this study doctor determines the place of attachment of the placenta, the size of the child, as well as the possible malformations of the abdominal organs, limbs or the nervous system. Also due at the US fails to clarify the pregnancy.
During registration at antenatal clinics in the community or in the paid center, which specializes in the management of pregnancy, a woman gives a list of tests that need to pass. Firstly, it is a regular urine test, a swab from the vagina. Second, many blood, and determine the group of Rh, possible infections (hepatitis, AIDS, syphilis), as well as for general biochemical analysis. If expectant parents Rh factor will be different, that a blood test for antibodies have to take time in two weeks. In addition, the gynecologist can send pass analysis on hormones or reproductive tract infections. All of the above tests are categorized as mandatory.
Among other things, the pregnant woman necessarily must pass the following specialists: eye doctor, therapist, dentist, otolaryngologist and deliver an electrocardiogram (ECG).
At the reception to the gynecologist future mom should come monthly, surrendering before each visit to urinalysis, which will allow the gynecologist to assess the kidney function of the pregnant woman.
From 14 to 18 weeks gestation gynecologist offers a blood test for levels of ACE (AFP). This procedure will identify fetal malformations such as hydrocephalus, a violation of the formation of the spinal cord, Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities. This analysis is not required, and therefore you have to pay for it. Indications for this analysis is more than 35 years of age and chromosomal abnormalities in relatives expectant mother. This analysis is most informative in combination with so-called "triple test" – (hCG) and estriol chorionic gonadotropin. However, this test is often wrong, so you have to retake it several times in order to finally determine whether the baby has chromosomal abnormalities.
In the period of 24-26 weeks of pregnancy a woman should undergo routine ultrasound three times. This allows you to explore the structure of the body baby, check for defects. In addition, this study will help determine the baby's gender, status and place of attachment of the placenta, and the presence of amniotic fluid. At this stage of pregnancy also pass blood count, showing the level of hemoglobin, and therefore, the presence or absence of anemia.
With 30 weeks of pregnancy, the woman is obliged to visit the gynecologist every 2 weeks. Since that time, a pregnant woman appears exchange card, which fits all the studies and analyzes. With this card a woman should not leave to any doctor in the case of premature birth, the pregnant woman could have the necessary medical assistance or take delivery.
At 33-34 weeks' gestation, doctors need to evaluate the velocity of blood flow placenta, uterine vessels and major blood vessels of the Child, which appointed a special study – Doppler. In the case of the establishment of low blood flow, your doctor may prescribe CTG (cardiotocography), which will determine the tone of the uterus, the presence of its contractile activity and motor activity of the child.
Between 35 to 36 weeks of pregnancy maternity future need to re-take a blood test for syphilis, AIDS, biochemical analysis and swab from the vagina. At the same time carried out and the last ultrasound, in which the doctor can estimate the height and weight of the child, the condition of the placenta, the baby's position in the womb, the quality and quantity of amniotic fluid. If deviations are found, a woman can safely expect the onset of labor. When the tests reveal any adverse condition, a pregnant woman is taken under special control. She prescribed medications that improve blood flow through the placenta, as well as carry out and Doppler ultrasound every two weeks.
Expectant mums should remember that a responsible approach to their health, timely delivery of analyzes and follow the doctor's advice significantly increase the possibility of having a healthy and strong baby. Protect yourself and your children!