Childbirth – a serious stress for the female body, and especially for the female reproductive system. The greatest danger which threatens a woman after childbirth – is a risk of postpartum hemorrhage. To prevent post-partum bleeding or time to see a doctor at the first signs of its appearance, you need to know more about it and about the precautions to be taken to prevent its occurrence.
A woman in a few weeks, there is a gradual recovery of the reproductive system, accompanied by a bloody discharge after delivery. This is explained by the fact that after the discharge of child seats, mucous (endometrium) of the uterus is broken and is not yet fully recovered, bleeding for almost two months. So, bleeding (lochia) from the genital tract after childbirth are considered quite normal. However, in some cases, separation become pathological and can talk about the unfavorable flow of the recovery process of the female reproductive system.
Bleeding after childbirth include the blood oozing from the wound surface of the endometrium and moribund epithelium and mucus from the cervix of the uterus. Gradually, over time, the composition of bleeding should be changed and therefore the composition must be changed and the color selections. So, normally, the number and nature of the discharge must comply with the time elapsed from the moment of birth.
In the first 3-4 days after birth bleeding from the genital tract of women should be sufficiently abundant. In these secretions, pad or sheet should be changed every hour, and even more often. Usually release are clotted and nature reminiscent of isolation during heavy menstruation.
After 3-4 days after birth, with normal processes of recovery, the amount of bleeding should begin to gradually decrease and become themselves highlight the red-brown color. Bleeding after childbirth may increase when driving, walking and abdominal palpation doctor. If the amount of excreta is not reduced and even increased need to sound the alarm, as this may indicate the beginning postpartum haemorrhage.
Postpartum bleeding may provoke the following reasons:
- overstretched uterus, which arose as a consequence of a large fetus or multiple pregnancy;
- obstructed labor (uterine rupture, manual removal of placenta, etc.);
- lack of pituitary hormone oxytocin promotes normal contraction of the uterus after childbirth;
- a bleeding disorder.
Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage include:
- strict compliance with bed rest for at least a week after giving birth;
- systematic breastfeeding every 2 hours. Sore nipples cause enhanced production of pituitary hormone oxytocin that helps reduce cancer;
- Regular emptying of the bladder every 2-3 hours. A full bladder interferes with the normal contraction of the uterus;
- cold compresses on the abdomen several times a day contribute to a more rapid reduction in the muscles of the uterus and reduces bleeding.
By the end of the second week after birth bleeding from the genital tract are becoming increasingly scarce, and becoming yellowish-whitish color. Color selections because they present a lot less blood and mucus. A long walk or weight lifting, in secretions may appear admixture of bright red blood. When the discharge of blood, it is desirable for some time to comply with bed rest.
By the end of the first month after birth discharge becomes very scarce, spreadable. When breast-feeding may experience slight cramping pain in the abdomen, which will soon pass.
By the middle of the end of the second month after delivery spotting begin to break off and are recurrent: may occur after physical overexertion or a long walk, and disappears when the woman is alone. Then, spotting after birth and vanish entirely woman's menstrual cycle becomes the same as it was before the birth. See also delay monthly article after delivery.